IRS Releases Revised Publication 598

The IRS has released revised Publication 598, Tax on Unrelated Business Income of Exempt Organizations, effective as of March 2012. The publication covers four main topics:

  • Organizations subject to the tax
  • Tax and filing requirements
  • Unrelated trade or business
  • Unrelated business taxable income

 The section entitled “Unrelated Trade or Business” goes over the basic principles from the Code and Regulations concerning the basic requirements for taxatiion under the UBIT.  More importantly, it focuses on the sometimes tricky issue of whether a business is related or unrelated to an organization’s exempt purposes by using examples. The discussion contains numerous common examples of specific businesses and explains why these activities are related or unrelated for purposes of the UBIT. The “Unrelated Trade or Business” section also briefly discusses businesses that are expressly excluded from treatment as unrelated trades or businesses, such as businesses conducted by volunteers, sale of donated items, and the distribution of low cost articles incident to the solicitation of charitable contributions.

 The longest and most detailed section of Publication 598 is entitled “Unrelated Business Taxable Income.” It first discusses the categories of income that are excluded from UBTI. This part covers numerous modifications and special rules, including the treatment of advertising in periodicals, the deductions allowed in computing UBTI, rules for social clubs, VEBAs, and SUBs, income from partnerships and S corporations, and income from controlled organizations. The section concludes with a detailed discussion of the debt-financed property rules with several helpful examples.

 The IRS also maintains a web page on Publication 598. In a Recent Developments section, the IRS will post any changes that occur after the publication date of one revised edition and before the publication date of the following revision. For example, the Publication 598 prior to the current version was revised as of March 2010, applicable beginning with the 2009 tax year. In April of 2011, the IRS alerted taxpayers to the changes for the 2010 tax year. If the next revision of Publication 598 does not come out until March of 2014, an alert on this web page will likely be issued containing the changes for 2012.

 The IRS website has Publication 598 for the following revision dates: 2012, 2010, 2009, 2007, 2005, 2000, 1998, and 1995. If you need to know a UBIT provision applicable for a prior tax year, checking Publication 598 for the appropriate time period may be a good place to start.

 

Social Welfare Organization Derived UBTI from Members-Only Beach Club and Parking Lots

In Ocean Pines Association, Inc. v. Commissioner, the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that a tax-exempt social welfare organization conducted an unrelated business when it operated two parking lots and a beach club limited to members only. The case was not complex, and the outcome was predictable. The court’s opinion, however, illustrates a classic analysis of the distinction between related and unrelated businesses under the UBIT.  Continue reading

Operation of Community Center Raises Various UBIT Issues in IRS Ruling

In PLR 201147035, a charitable organization devoted to disaster relief and general charitable purposes amended its articles to permit ownership and operation of community activity centers throughout country. The proposed community centers would offer a broad range of programs designed to serve all community members and would be accessible to the public through memberships. The organization was controlled by a fraternal beneficiary society described in §501(c)(8).

 In the ruling, the organization proposed to acquire its first community center. The acquisition was financed primarily through the issuance of long-term bonds. The community center would offer the following activities:  Continue reading